Hepatitis is a term used to describe the inflammation of the liver. Hepatitis B is a virus that is fairly common. Globally, the hepatitis B virus (HBV) has infected an estimated two billion people, with over 350 million chronic carriers. The hepatitis B virus causes a life-threatening liver infection known as hepatitis B. (HBV).

Blood, sperm, vaginal secretions, saliva, and other bodily fluids can all be used to spread the virus from one person to the next. It does not spread through sneezing or coughing, however. When hepatitis B infection lasts longer than six months, it is considered chronic. If you have hepatitis B for a long period, you’re more likely to develop liver failure, malignancy, or cirrhosis (a scarring condition).

Adults with hepatitis B can recover entirely, even if their signs and symptoms are severe. Infants and children are especially susceptible to chronic hepatitis B infection.

Everything you eat, drink, breathe, smoke, inject, and put on your skin is processed by your liver. The liver is responsible for metabolising and processing potentially hazardous substances including drugs and alcohol. The liver might be overworked if a chemical is toxic or there is too much of it. This is especially true when it comes to alcohol and opiates, whether they are prescribed, nonprescribed, or obtained illegally. Your liver can be harmed by both smoking cigarettes and using marijuana. The following are a few things you should avoid:

1. Stop drinking alcohol excessively.

Drinking alcohol, according to a study, increases the risk of developing the Hepatitis B Virus. This harms your liver and raises your chances of getting cirrhosis. Even little amounts of alcohol can make you more susceptible to fibrosis. Heavy alcohol use is associated to hepatocellular carcinoma, a kind of liver cancer.

To avoid developing this infection, cut back on your alcohol consumption. According to the United States Departments of Agriculture and Health and Human Services’ Dietary Guidelines, women should have one drink per day and men should have two drinks per day.

2. Don’t abuse drugs.

Inhaling drugs by tiny droplets of blood communicated through straws can also transfer HBV. The nasal passages are prone to breaking when they are dry. Hepatitis B can be spread through mouth sores, chapped lips, or bleeding gums when crack pipes are shared.

To reduce your risk of contracting or transmitting hepatitis B and preserve your liver, consider discontinuing illicit drug use.

3. Stop coming in contact with people’s blood.

HBV is spread through coming into touch with the blood or other body fluids of an infected person (such as sperm or vaginal fluid). HBV infection, on the other hand, cannot be shared through commonplace activities like dining and drinking with friends and family, sharing washing or toilet facilities, hugs, kisses, or swimming in pools. HBV is not transmitted through tears, perspiration, coughs, sneezes, or bug bites. It is spread by blood transfusion from an infected person to an uninfected one. Always use a hand glove when working with people’s blood.

4. Don’t share your razor blade, needles, and other sharp objects with people.

Hepatitis B can be transferred by unsterilized razors, tattooing, piercing, and manicure tools. Don’t share razor blades or other sharp objects with others because you never know who might be carrying the virus.

5. Don’t engage in unprotected intimacy.

Hepatitis B can be passed from one person to another through unprotected intercourse. The greatest way to prevent Hepatitis B from being passed from one person to another is to avoid having intercourse. A condom should be used if an infected individual wants to have intimacy. Condoms should be used until a doctor says there is no longer a risk of the disease spreading.

Make sure you adhere to these health guidelines to the letter. You should get a test after you’ve seen the indicators. Collect hepatitis B vaccination; however, if you already have the disease, there is no cure.

Source: https://www.verywellhealth.com/hepatitis-causes-and-risk-factors-4689127

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